A dental extraction, also known as a tooth extraction, is a procedure to remove a tooth from its socket in the jawbone. You might need a dental extraction for several reasons, including severe tooth decay, infection, or trauma.
If you're experiencing any oral health problems, you must consult your dentist to see if an extraction is necessary. Dental extraction involves two procedures: simple and surgical. A general dentist usually performs a simple tooth extraction. It only requires numbing the area with local anesthesia. However, surgical extractions are more complex and are traditionally performed by an oral surgeon under local anesthesia.
In most cases, dental extractions are unnecessary and can be avoided with proper dental care. Before advising an extraction, your dentist will always try to save your teeth. However, an extraction may occasionally be the best line of action. Here are some common reasons for needing a dental extraction:
Infected, Damaged, or Decayed Tooth
Infection, damage, and decay are all common reasons for requiring a dental extraction. The gums and other teeth may also get affected when a tooth becomes infected. The infection can cause the gums to become inflamed and damage the bone supporting the tooth.
Decay occurs when the enamel of the tooth starts to break down. This situation happens due to acidic foods, sugary drinks, or not brushing regularly. Once the decay reaches the tooth's inner layer, it can cause pain and sensitivity. You may also need a tooth extraction if the decay is left untreated.
Dental extractions are also common after an injury to the mouth. Teeth may get chipped, cracked, or knocked out entirely. In these cases, the damaged tooth may need an extraction to prevent further damage and pain.
Less Room in the Mouth for All the Teeth
Sometimes, there isn't enough room in the mouth for all teeth. This issue can be due to genetics, injury, or disease. When this happens, it's necessary to extract one or more teeth to make room for the others.
Overcrowded or overlapping teeth are more difficult to clean and are at a higher risk for decay and infection. Extracting one or more teeth can help reduce these risks.
To Prepare for Orthodontic Treatment
Dentists use orthodontic treatment to straighten teeth and correct bite problems. In some cases, teeth must be extracted before orthodontic treatment. This step is usually only necessary if severe dental crowding is present or if the teeth are significantly misaligned.
Extracting one or more teeth can make it easier to straighten the remaining teeth. Consult a dental service if you believe you might require a dental extraction. They will be able to determine if an extraction is the best course of treatment for you.